Healthy Bee Procedures
Membership
January
Reduce the hive entrance and check for blockage from buildup of dead bees or snow. Be sure roof is secure.
Emergency feeding if necessary. Record your observations for each hive rather than relying on memory. Take the
time off to read a good book and attend local bee club meetings. Place your packaged bees order for this year.
February
Medicate at least 60 days prior to adding supers. As the cluster grows, shift frames with eggs to the center and
frames of sealed brood to the outer position. Add brood chambers with drawn comb to the strongest hives.
Reverse double brood chambers to move the empty frames to the top and center. This will stimulate growth of the
hive.
March
Due to massive increase in bee population and food consumption, consider feeding. Continue the frame
rotations and begin to alternate the frames according to brood age.
April
Remove the entrance reducers. In order to prevent swarming: add supers, spread out the frames with brood, cut
queen cells, limit barriers to bee movement upward into the supers. Consider placing swarm traps in the Apiary to
catch any swarms. Replace any queens due to old age, temperament, or bad brood pattern.
May
Add a queen excluder, and place honey supers. Give them plenty of room to bring in the pollen and nectar, but
toward the end of the nectar flow you will want to crowd the bees to finish out partially filled supers. Check for hive
beetles and install traps if necessary
June
Begin to take off frames of capped honey and replace with empty frames/foundation. Place bee escapes prior to
removing entire supers.
July
The nectar flow will continue this month and you may even find your bees festooning (a group of bees hanging
onto each other in a cluster) along the side of a hive. Some say they are cooling themselves. Add more supers as
needed.
August
The hive begins to slow down as the nectar flow decreases.
September
The hive population drops and the drones begin to die off. Harvest the remainer of your honey crop, but remember
to leave the hive with at least 60 lbs. for use over the winter. Near the end of the month, feed and medicate. Install
Apistan strips or CheckMite (for 42 days)
October
The bees are preparing for winter. Add any necessary insulation or windbreaks and remove the Apistan or
CheckMite strips. Store your equipment.
November
Not much to do this month. The bees are clustering together on colder days. A good time for you to take a vacation
as well. Also a good time to think of all the terrific honey-related gifts you could prepare for Christmas gifs: Bottle
some of your honey in decrative containers and tie with a festive ribbon, make candles with your beeswax
December
There is not much to do this month for the bees. Read a good book and. Consider ordering some goodies to
include with those Christmas gifts to friends and family. Enjoy the holidays!
Calendar compliments of Rossman Apiaries
January
  • Feed colonies if light (colonies can starve!)
  • Nosema can be a significant colony problem this time of
    year.  You can treat colonies for Nosema disease using
    Fumigillin.  Colonies may need as much as 4 gallons of
    medicated syrup to control Nosema cerana.
  • Repair /paint old equipment
Sand Pine, Maple, Willow
Febraury
  • Feed colonies if light (colonies can starve !)
  • Can treat colonies for Nosema disease as needed
    using Fumigillin
Plum, Cherry, Viburnum, Sweet
Clover, Blueberry, Haw, Fetterbush,
Oak
March
  • Attend UF Bee College In Apopka!!!
  • Colony poplutations begin to grow! Add supers and/or
    control swarming as necessary.
  • Can treat with Terramycin or Tylan for AFB
  • Make nucs/splits
Orange, Spanish Needle
April
  • Disease and queen problems should be remedied
  • Make Splitst/nucs - new queens available
  • Control Swarming
  • Add supers, the primary nectar flow begins this month
Sweet clover, Wild Blueberry, Haw,
Fetterbush, Orange , Spanish
needle, Gallberry, Dog hobble,
Palmetto, Mexican clover, Blackberry,
Buttermint.
May
  • continue to inspect for colony maladies, but don't treat for
    diseases while producing honey
  • Continue swarm control
  • Super as necessary
Palm, Gopher Apple, Joint Weed,
Sandhill prairie clover,
Spiderwort/day flower, Partridge Pea
June
  • remove and process honey - main flow stops
  • Varroa populations begin to grow - monitor colonies
    closely.  The economic threshold is 60+ mites/day on
    sticky screen or 17+ mites in a ether roll. Treat if you
    exceed these numbers.
Mangrove, red bay
July
  • remove and process honey - main flow stops
  • Varroa populations begin to grow - monitor colonies
    closely.  The economic threshold is 60+ mites/day on
    sticky screen or 17+ mites in a ether roll for colony of
    average strenth.  Treat if you exceed thes numbers.
    Options include; Apiguard, ApilifeVAR, Mite Away II
Spanish Needle, Palmetto, Mexican
Clover, Buttermint, Palm, Gopher
Apple, Join Weed, Redbay, Sandhill
Prairie clover, Partridge Pea,
Mangrove, Primrose Willow,
Spiderwort/Dayflower
August
  • Monitor colonies for varroa mites ( see July)
  • Treat with Terramycin dust for AFB/EFB
  • Feed colonies if light
  • Monitor for and control small hive beetles
  • It's hot! Ensure adequate colony ventilation
Spotted Mint, Goldenrod, Vine Aster,
Sumac
September
  • Monitor colonies for Varroa mites
  • Consider treating colonies for Nosema disease using
    Fumidil-B.  Colonies may need as much as 4 gallons of
    medicated syrup to control Nosema Cerana
  • Continue to feed colonies if light
  • Varroa populations begin to grow - monitor colonies
    closely.  The economic threshold is 60+ mites/day on
    sticky screen or 17+ mites in a ether roll. Treat if you
    exceed these numbers.
Smart Weed, Bush Aster
October -
December
  • Varroa populations peaked in Aug/Sept. The economic
    threshold is 60+ mites/day on a sticky screen or 17+
    mites in an ether roll for a colony of average strength.
    Treat if you exceed these numbers.  Options include
    Apiguard, ApilifeVAR, Mites AwayII
  • Can treat colonies for Nosema disease using Fumigillin.
    Colonies may need as much as 4 gallons of medicated
    syrup to control Nosema cerana
  • Monitor for and control small hive beetles (options
    include Checkmit+, GardStar, Hood traps and West
    Beetle traps)
  • Feed colonies if light (colonies can starve !)
  • Can treat for tracheal mites (mix vegetable oil and
    powdered sugar until doughy - not sticky to touch: place a
    pancake sized patty on top bars of brood chamber)
October: Spanish Needle, Mexican
Clover, Primrose Willow, spotted
Mint, Golden Rod, Vine Aster, Bush
Aster , Smart Weed, Melaleuca,

November:  nothing new blooms

December Maple, Willow

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Month
Management
Blooming Plants